Environmental Impacts Identification of Jeneberang River Sand and Gravel Mining in South Sulawesi
Sand and gravel are essential sources of aggregate and exploited often from the active channels of river system. River mining can be an effective tool for flood control and channel sustainability aggrading rivers for sustenance the rivers, support employment and bring income into many areas. Contrary, mining itself can create environmental impacts direct and indirect. Throughtout the history, the Jeneberang River mining was started during the development of the Gowa Kingdom Forts under the reign of Karaeng Tumapa'risi Kallona in 1525. Currently, there are eighteen active mining sites in the midstream of Jeneberang River in order to fulfil sand and gravel demand of Gowa Regency and Makassar City. Research works and information concerning current information concerning of Jeneberang River sand and gravel mining are limited over the past years. Therefore, the focus of the research is to identify environmental impacts of mining. For this research, data gathering from stakeholders of mining community that would be the respondent based on who can affect or possibility affected by mining activities through the utilization of questionnaire to respondent and field observations. The primary environmental impacts are degraded air quality from dust and noise. Other environmental impacts include increased traffic and damage to roads. The results of research expected significantly contribute to the local government about the needs of environmental impacts identification to evaluate mining sustainability.