Urban Sprawl: Gated Communities and separated Infrastructure Network

from small areas with 500 dwelling units of gated communities can be seen in the east and south of Makassar suburban areas. The housing types in the gated communities show a modern and complex construction, well arranged plots and equipped with good infrastructure but found only inside their walls.

In general, types of the street pattern in Makassar’s gated communities are grid, loop and cul-de-sac. Streets form and plots arrangement are well managed inside the housings border.  The developers focus only on land under their legal belonging, but outside other neighbourhood becomes other land-owners’ business or government issues. In many cases, the mass housing constructions ignore their surrounding neighbourhood including their infrastructure systems.

The street pattern of the self-help housing communities is formed by the leapfrog’s shape of the plots which consist of house and the yard. In some cases, the housing plots are located around the farmland areas/undeveloped land and served by discontinued footpath.

A separated housing development between developers and local communities cause some infrastructure problems. The problem is discontinuity of the street network. The gated communities live parted beyond their walls. The idea of closed housing neighbourhood creates dead-end types of street network on both sides, inside and outside the walls. The exclusive development demotes the walk-able neighbourhood concept. The disconnected access makes a longer distance to reach the facilities in the area and blocks the short-cut access opportunities.Furthermore, the street hierarchy becomes irregular.

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