From Colonial Site to Contemporary Political Tension: Colonial Urban Planning Legacy upon The Formation of Socio-Political Identity in Manado, North Sulawesi
Urban planning has two-direct relationship with socio-cultural aspect even history. It is defined as interrelated relationship. Urban planning as physical form already contributed to describe and analyze socio-cultural phenomenon such as: poverty, social structure, demographical composition including artistic flavor. Those facts also happened in Manado, North Sulawesi. In colonial period, the developing of settlement which based on wijkenstelsel or ethnicity and geo-territorial separation into two main area: South and North, not only categorized Manado society into different ethnic and religious entities, but also implicated to the formation of identity, social structure and of course with cultural tensions within. This segregation becomes legacy, still happening in contemporary Manado and feels more political. This article aims to show relationship between urban planning of Manado which built in colonial period and its impact and legacy upon the formation of identity and contemporary political phenomenon. Data were collected through extended field observations supported by interviews, treasure of colonial references, and documentations. Samples were chosen through purposive sampling (samples with specific feature) that were in North Manado. Descriptive and comparative analysis were used in this research. Result shows that residents of North Manado, socially known as Sabla Aer, literally means “over the water” become inferior comparing with residents in South Manado.